En octobre 1988, le jeune Thom Yorke, chanteur du groupe On A Friday, quitte Oxford pour entamer Ã lâ€™universitÃ© dâ€™Exeter des Ã©tudes de « Fine Art & English ».
Il sâ€™ennuie un peu car il trouve les enseignements quâ€™il reÃ§oit un peu… en retard sur la technologie. Thom trouve alors dâ€™autres occupations, notamment en formant un nouveau groupe, Headless Chicken,Â avec un ami, connu aujourdâ€™hui sous le nom de sHack.
Thom et Shack se sont rencontrÃ©s dans un bar oÃ¹ ils travaillaient tous les deux, Shack en tant que videur, Thom que DJ. Ce sont leurs visions politiques qui ont rapprochÃ©s les deux garÃ§ons, ils ont alors dÃ©cidÃ© de former un groupeÂ : HEADLESS CHICKEN, mais pas encore quelque chose de sÃ©rieux, juste pour le fun, peut-Ãªtre quand mÃªme avec lâ€™ambition dâ€™en faire quelque chose par la suite. D’ailleurs, Thom se plait Ã prendre une posture de rock star :
â€œMost of the time I was busy bragging about my future as a pop star,â€ he admitted. â€œMy sketchbooks were full of lyrics and designs for record sleeves.â€
It was there, too, that Yorke first developed an interest in electronic music, playing tracks from the likes of the Shamen and jungle pioneers The Ragga Twins during his regular Friday night DJ set at the student union. This period also saw him toy with a skewed visual identity, parading around in charity-shop hats and coats normally worn by pensioners, to the annoyance of the locals.
â€œI was into dressing like an old man,â€ he explained. â€œBut I went out one night and there were these three blokes waiting to beat someone up. They said something and I turned around and blew them a kiss and that was it. They beat the living shit out of me. That put me off fighting. I thought, Iâ€™m kind of asking for it here.â€
A cette Ã©poque, Thom va rencontrer Stanley Donwood, dont il partage Ã©galement les affinitÃ©s politiques :
There’s plenty at this point to ponder for anyone seeking to draw a connection between Yorke’s increased politicisation and Donwood’s involvement with the group. « Hippy idealist » and « art dreamer » are two phrases used to describe him by one friend of the band. For his degree show in 1991, Donwood put together a series of photographic screen prints of policemen at the poll tax riots attacking protesters.
Simon Shackleton, who played alongside Thom in university band Headless Chickens, remembers their association. « They were both very involved in all sorts of forms of direct action. One time, we took over the vice chancellor’s office and stayed there for a few days. We did all sorts of road painting. Painting massive slogans on roads and putting different road markings up. »
Le groupe nâ€™a pas durÃ© plus dâ€™un an en fait, mais il a fait une dizaine de shows. Thom et Shack Ã©crivaient les chansons ensemble, en parfaite â€™symbioseâ€™ selon le second. Câ€™est dâ€™ailleurs avec ce groupe quâ€™a commencÃ© Ã germer la chanson Â«Â high & dryÂ Â»…
Une photo lors d’un concert :
Voici ce que nous dit Ã ce sujet la compilation Year Zero, sortie sous le label local appelÃ© Hometown Atrocities au dÃ©but des annÃ©es 2000 et qui revient sur les groupe qui ont marquÃ© la scÃ¨ne locale au dÃ©but des annÃ©es 90Â :
Le guitariste Thom Yorke en est parti pour former Radiohead aprÃ¨s avoir quittÃ© lâ€™universitÃ© pour retourner Ã Oxford. Le violoniste John Matthias a participÃ© Ã lâ€™enregistrement de plusieurs de chansons de Radiohead, tandis que lâ€™on retrouve une des chansons du chanteur Shack, cette fois avec son nouveau groupe Lunatic Calm sur la B.O du film â€™The Matrix
Le groupe Headless Chicken avait 4 membres assez rÃ©guliersÂ :
– guitare/voixÂ : Thom Yorke
– batteurÂ : Martin Edmunds
plus quelques membres occasionnels :
– violon : Laura Forrest-Hay
– basse : Andy Hills
– batterie : Lindsey Moore
Le groupe a Ã©tÃ© rebaptisÃ© Headless quand ils se sont aperÃ§u que le nom choisi au dÃ©part Ã©tait dÃ©jÃ celui dâ€™un groupe australien. (Les Headless Chickens)
Les projets du groupe commenÃ§aient quand mÃªme Ã devenir sÃ©rieux, et Thom et Shack ont dÃ©cidÃ© de faire une maquette dâ€™une de leur chanson â€™I Donâ€™t Want To Go To Woodstockâ€™ pour la sortir en single, mais apparemment les K7 de dÃ©mo ont Ã©tÃ© perdues, et le projet a Ã©tÃ© abandonnÃ©. La chanson nâ€™est sortie que sur un vinyle EP du label Â«Â Hometown AtrocitiesÂ Â». Shack explique le rapport du groupe avec le label Hometown Atrocities ainsiÂ :
Le groupe Headless Chickens Ã©tait trÃ¨s actif au sein de ce label. En fait, il semblerait mÃªme quâ€™il ait Ã©tÃ© crÃ©e par le groupe sÃ»rement pour faire la promotion des concerts Punk dans la ville dâ€™Exeter.
Sur le premier EP sorti par le label, on retrouve plusieurs groupes, alors trÃ¨s actifs sur la scÃ¨ne localeÂ : Headless Chickens, Mad At The Sun, Beaver Patrol et Jackson Penis. Il nâ€™a Ã©tÃ© sorti quâ€™en 1000 exemplaires, vendus trÃ¨s vite. Une cinquantaine avait en plus de la pochette noire et blanc un petit autocollant vert avec cette mentionÂ : â€™a disgrace to the corpse of Kylieâ€™ imprimÃ© sur la photo de Kylie Minogue.
Quand lâ€™annÃ©e dâ€™Ã©tudes de Thom a Ã©tÃ© finie, il a fallu faire un choix, et il a dÃ©cidÃ© de repartir Ã Oxford pour continuer avec On a Friday… laissant du coup headless…
et pour terminer un trÃ¨s long article oÃ¹ vous apprendrez encore plus de dÃ©tails sur le sujet :
An unknown recording by HEADLESS CHICKENS – fronted by future Radiohead singer THOM YORKE
Think of regional scenes spawned by the 70s punk explosion and Manchester and Liverpool will probably spring to mini first. Certainly Exeter hasn’t features in too many histories of the era – until now, that is. An early recording by Radiohead’s Thom Yorke has beer included on a compilation that marks 23 years of Exeter-based punk and post-punk, and puts the Devonshire town on the musical map.
Released on local label Hometown Atrocities, « Year Zero » spans the period between 1977 and 2000, and features the whole spectrum of post-punk music, from mod to hardcore. Like all great punk compilations from « Nuggets » onwards, it has its fair share of students, schoolboys and adolescent malcontents bashing out their sub-three minute claims to a tiny footnote in rock history. Would-best and should-have-beens were immortalised on independent 7″ singles that now have collectors salivating. The CD also features a prime example of that other great staple of the record collector’s diet, an early recording by a now-major artist.
These days, Thom Yorke is the voice of perhaps the definitive rock band of the moment. Radiohead’s imminent follow-up to « OK Computer » is eagerly awaited, and will surely be rated as one of the albums of the year. However, 11 years ago, while a student at Exeter University, Yorke was the guitarist in Headless Chickens, whose sole release – what is believed to be his first-ever recording – appears on « Year Zero ».
Headless Chickens were a four-piece comprising Yorke (guitar and vocals), someone known only as ‘Shack’ (vocals and bass), John Matthius (violin) and a drummer called Martin. Their song, « I Don’t Want To Go To Woodstock », is rousing melbdic punk, which – leaving aside some rather incongruous violin adornments _ is reminiscent of the Psychedelic Furs and the Alarm.
Shack sings the song, although Thom Yorke’s backing vocals are plainly audible, and the whole band are credited as song-writers. « Woodstock » originally appeared on the first-ever Hometown Atrocities release, a 7″ EP dating from mid-1989, which also included tracks by Mad At The Sun, Beaver Patrol and a band called Jackson Penis.
Some Radiohead biographers have reported that Hometown Atrocities was an anarchist collective set up by members of Headless Chickens. In fact, it was the brainchild of Mad At The Sun’s David Goodchild and Martin ‘Ed’ Edmunds, and was originally conceived as a name to promote punk gigs in Exeter. « The Headless Chickens guys were there to help out with the early shows, » recalls Ed. « They were very enthusiastic for something to happen in Exeter, but they moved on when things moved more towards punk and hardcore. »
All of the bands featured on the EP were then active on the Exeter scene, and played regularly at Hometown Atrocities gigs. The EP was recorded at Daylight Studios, in Honiton, and produced by Paul Bateman. Just over 1000 copies were pressed, the bulk of which came in a black-and-white picture sleeve. In addition, says Ed, « around 50 copies were printed in a green sleeve with the slogan ‘A Disgrace To The Corpse Of Kylie’ printed over a barely-recognisable photo of Kylie Minogue » (which was no doubt a « tribute » to hardcore legends Sore Throat’s « Disgrace To The Corpse Of Sid [Vicious] » 100-track LP).
The EP was distributed nationally and sold out quickly. Collectors who know of its existence are already paying up to ?150 for the standard version, and ?200 for the rare Kylie sleeve. However, it rarely appears on the market, and is missing from most discographies.
Thom told Ed, that he was going back to Oxford to form a band like the PIXIES.
‘Headless Chickens’ probably played no more than 20 gigs, as Ed recalls: « At first they did mainly covers. I remember they did the Prince song ‘Raspberry Beret’. » Later, a few originals crept in, including « Woodstock », and another great song, « Atom Bomb ». Of most interest to Radiohead fans was an early version of « High And Dry », which later appeared on « The Bends ». Rumours persist of a promo video for « I Don’t Want To Go To Woodstock », along with good quality live and rehearsal tapes.
In all, the band lasted no more than a year. Shortly before Thom Yorke left Exeter, Ed recalls meeting up with him while the future Radiohead star was dj-ing at the University. He told Ed that he was going back to Oxford to form a band like the Pixies.
Ed later chanced across Shack while travelling in Thailand. Shack told him that Yorke’s new band had signed to EMI for a huge advance, and that the Senseless Things – whom Hometown Atrocities had promoted many times – were also signing to a major: « I rushed back to the friends I was travelling with and told them the news. Nobody could believe it – we were wondering what the hell was going on back home and what we were missing out on. »
Since then, violinist John Matthius has played on Radiohead albums and works with a band called Jackdaw Music. Shack’s current band, Lunatic Calm, has a track featured on the soundtrack to The Matrix.
Meanwhile, Hometown Atrocities remains true to the DIY and anti-establishment ethics of the original punk movement. Ed and David Goodchild’s current band, Annalise, have recently returned from Japan, where they have an enthusiastic following.
With pleasing symmetry, Muse – who sound not unlike Radiohead – secured their breakthrough last year on the back of a residency at Exeter’s Cavern Club, which is managed by Patrick Cunningham, erstwhile drummer of the Scabs, who also feature on the « Year Zero » compilation.
The shock-waves that emanated from punk’s epicentre all those years ago still continue to rock Exeter . . .